L'American Academy of Pediatrics ha recentemente pubblicate delle nuove raccomandazioni o (se volete) criteri diagnostici per la diagnosi precoce di autismo.
Le raccomandazione sono per uno screening a tappeto (anche nei bambini in cui non si sospetta la patologia). Gli elementi chiave per una immediata valutazione sono:
- mancanza di gestualità o capacità di indicare un oggetto a un anno di vita
- mutismo a 16 mesi
- nessuna frase di due parole a 2 anni di vita
- regressione del linguaggio o della socialità
Questo il link alla press release con i link alle linee guida.
American Academy of Pediatrics Urges Universal Autism Screening
All children should be formally screened for autism at 18 and 24 months, even if there's no reason to suspect the disorder, according to new guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics.
A clinical report, "Identification and Evaluation of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders," was released by the academy online. It notes several red flags that call for immediate evaluation:
-- lack of babbling, pointing, or gesturing by 12 months
-- no words by 16 months
-- no spontaneous two-word phrases by 24 months
-- regression of language or social skills
Physicians are encouraged to look for signs of autism at every well-child visit and to ask parents open-ended questions about developmental concerns, such as a child not responding to his or her name. The report also provides an algorithm for screening children for autism. The AAP says early diagnosis will help "guide families to effective interventions, which will ultimately improve the lives of children with [autism spectrum disorders] and their families."
A second report, "Management of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders," reviews therapies and educational strategies. Both reports will appear in the November issue of Pediatrics.